The second trip from Bari was to the ancient town of Matera just across the border into the region of Basilicata. Matera is claimed to be the second-oldest continuously-inhabited place on earth. It is layer upon layer of dwellings, all the way back to the prehistoric cave dwellings of hunter-gatherers still visible in the cliffs. As I walked through the streets, the age of the place was more than I could really get my mind around. People have lived continuously on this ground for as long as there is history, and eons before.